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Chapter 17: A House Divided (1517 – 1660) – Part I – Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli

 

For next week we will cover the first two sections of Chapter 17A Door in Wittenberg and The Farmers’ War and Zwingli.

 

Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Martin Luther

Martin Luther (1483 – 1546), by Lucas Cranach, 1529

 

We will be going into the heart of the Protestant Reformation by focusing on Martin Luther in Germany (or the Holy Roman Empire I should say specifically because the state of Germany didn’t exist during this time) and Huldrych Zwingli of the Swiss Confederacy.

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New Updates: Chapter 16: Perspectives of the True Church (1300 – 1517) – Part I: The Black Death, Purgatory, Indulgences, Jan Hus and the Hussites

 

 

New updates can be found here.  Lots of new material to go over.

 

Also, we reached over 1,000 views/hits to this site!  Amazing!  I’m amazed that people from Russia, England, Norway, and even Saudi Arabia have been checking out this site.  I really do hope that Project Augustine and this site will continue to expand and reach more people the world over.

 

Tonight we had another interesting discussion on various topics.  We discussed whether God still sends plagues down to mankind today. For instance, just as people in medieval Europe thought the Black Death was a punishment from God for their sins, in today’s world, can we say the same thing about AIDS being God’s punishment for homosexuality?  Many believers still hold onto this belief, even in today’s scientific world.  Let’s say, for argument’s sake, that this was the case – that God had sent the AIDS epidemic as punishment; how would that effect your understanding of God’s character?

 

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Chapter 16: Perspectives of the True Church (1300 – 1517) – Part I: The Black Death, Purgatory, Nominalists, Lollards, and Hussites

 

File:Thetriumphofdeath.jpg

“The Triumph of Death”, Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1562

For next Wednesday, March 26, please read the first three sections of Chapter 16The Church, Death and Purgatory (1300 – 1500); Papal Monarchy Challenged (1300 – 1500); Nominalists, Lollards and Hussites (1300 – 1500).

Please write a summary on one of the following topics:

  1. Discuss the impact the Black Death had upon the Catholic Church and people’s faith; also discuss the flagellant movement and anti-Semitism that was prevalent during this time.
  2. Discuss how the industry of Indulgences gained popularity during the time of the Black Death
  3. Discuss why Purgatory became so prevalent during after the 12th century.
  4. What was the significance of Council of Konstanz in 1417 with Pope Martin V and the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund?  What was the impact of the Conciliarists?
  5. Discuss the philosophy of William of Ockham and the Nominalists and why they were a threat to papal authority.  Also how did printed texts and the printed Bible change the spiritual landscape of Europe during this time?
  6. Discuss the impact of John Wyclif in the 1370s and his followers the Lollards.  What was the impact of the English translation of the Vulgate, and then subsequent translations of the Bible in the other European countries’ native language?
  7. Discuss the impact of Jan Hus and his Hussites during the 1400s in Prague.  What impact did his execution have on the Czech Church and relations with the Catholic Church?

 

As you can tell, we are on the cusp of the Reformation revolution that is to come full force.

Essays will be posted next week.