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Ancient Near East Studies



We explore the impact other ancient civilizations, namely Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Mesopotamian, and Persian, had upon the formation of the Bible, Judaism, and Christianity.



Ancient Egypt





 Ancient Near East (ANE)


Ancient Near Eastern Art Gallery at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

Ancient Near Eastern Art Gallery at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gallery 404, Babylon during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC)


Preface and Acknowledgments

Maps of Assyria and Babylonia in OT* Times

1. Ancient Near Eastern Comparative Studies

2. Ancient Near East and the Old Testament

3. Biblical Achaeology

4. Ancient Near Eastern Religions

5. Ancient Near Eastern Art Gallery of the Met

6. Conclusion

Selected Bibliography

Appendix A: The Literary Genres of the ANE and the OT

Appendix B: The ANE and OT Parallels Compared

Appendix C: ANE Texts Relating to the OT

Appendix D: Archaeological Periods and Highlights

Appendix E: Limitations and Politics of Biblical Archaeology

Appendix F: Major Gods of the ANE

Appendix G: ANE Creation and Flood Myths

Appendix H: Assyrian and Babylonian Rulers with Bible Timeline

 (* ‘OT’ stands for Old Testament)





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